Disaster Risk Management

Kindergarten school children doing earthquake simulation practice in West Java

Committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society, IOM endeavors to build the resilience of countries and communities affected by a changing climate, environmental hazards and structural factors. IOM also strives to foster sustainable development while making migration a choice.

For the past 10 years, IOM has been strongly committed to support the efforts of Government of Indonesia in mitigating the impact of disasters. In close partnership with the Government, IOM was able to provide immediate large scale emergency response, recovery and reconstruction assistance following natural disaster events in Aceh (2004), Nias (2005), Yogyakarta (2006), Padang/West Sumatra (2007 and 2009) and West Java (2009), as well as the tsunami in Mentawai, West Sumatra, and the volcanic eruption of Mount Merapi in Yogyakarta.

Over time there has been an evolution of IOM’s approach towards disaster mitigation from a typical ad hoc response to a continuous and systematic intervention. IOM has been looking beyond the emergency phase to promote durable solutions in response to displacement induced by disasters.

Acknowledging the vulnerability of Indonesia to natural disasters, IOM has become a key partner of the Government of Indonesia in the area of disaster risk reduction. Guided by the Government’s National Disaster Risk Reduction Action Plan, IOM Indonesia’s DRM program supports the efforts from the government to reduce vulnerability and enhance the resilience of communities to natural disasters.

Currently an on-going DRM programs in two locations. In Aceh, IOM is working on “Strengthening Disaster Risk Reduction Capacity and Promoting Community Resilience”. This project began in August 2012 and will continue until August 2014. For eastern part of Indonesia, IOM is working through the “Emergency Operations Centres for Enhanced Disaster Preparedness and Response Capacity” project. IOM has just finished the “Strengthening Disaster Risk Reduction Capacity and Promoting Community Resilience in West Java” program last yer.

IOM Indonesia seeks to set up projects that produce models that can be replicated in other parts of the country, thus ensuring sustainability. IOM current DRM project in West Java builds on – as well as a scaled-up version of – two previous projects in Garut, a district in West Java. The EOC project in East Indonesia is based on a successful model already implemented and tested in Jambi, Yogyakarta and Bali, and will be replicable in other parts of Indonesia. Replication also helps IOM to build experience and expertise in regards to DRM by gathering valuable lessons learned from previous projects.

IOM DRM programs have been funded through multi-donor funding streams, including the Java Reconstruction Fund (JRF), EU (DIPECHO Programme), ECHO, The Australia-Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction (AIFDR), and the Indonesia Multi-Donor Funding Facility for Disaster Recovery (IMDFF-DR)

IOM Indonesia is a member of the United Nations Country Team and is a signatory to the Government of Indonesia – UN Partnership for Development Framework and a member of the UN Technical Working Group on DRR. IOM also received funding from the United States of America through USAID.