Indonesia is a key source of cross-border and domestic trafficking in persons. A big majority of the victims are women being trafficked through recruitment channels for labour purposes or sexual exploitation. Trafficking into the country is also increasingly becoming an issue, with victims originating from other ASEAN countries or as far as South America to work in the sex or fishing industry. Over the past decade Indonesia has shown great commitments at national, regional and international levels, to combat this serious human security threat and IOM Indonesia has established itself as a key supporting counter-trafficking partner of the Government of Indonesia (GoI).
Since 2005, IOM Indonesia’s counter-trafficking activities have strategically focused on:
• The prevention of trafficking in persons through community awareness-raising and improved monitoring of the recruitment market;
• The protection of trafficked victims through victim assistance and institutional capacity-building of both state and non-state service providers;
• Strengthening of an effective criminal justice response through law enforcement capacity-building and improved access to justice for victims of trafficking; and
• Forging cross-sectoral partnership through policy-making, planning and budgeting support to Indonesia’s National and sub-national Anti-Trafficking Task Forces
As part of its Victim Assistance Programme, IOM Indonesia provides return, recovery and reintegration assistance to Indonesian and foreign victims of trafficking under its Victim Assistance Fund. Reintegration assistance includes physical and mental health care, temporary shelter, escort, family counselling, education support, livelihood support, and legal aid. Assistance is provided through a referral mechanism counting more than 80 state and non-state partners. Between 2005 to 2013, IOM Indonesia assisted together with its partners 6,432 victims of trafficking, and keeps detailed data of all victims assisted since 2005. IOM Indonesia’s database provides a unique source of information for policy-makers, service providers, academics and other stakeholder to better understand the causes, processes, trends and consequences of human trafficking in Indonesia.