Global Migration Trends

International migration is a complex phenomenon that touches on a multiplicity of economic, social, and security aspects affecting our daily lives in an increasingly interconnected world.

Migration is a term that encompasses a wide variety of movements and situations involving people of all walks of life and backgrounds.

More than ever before, migration touches all States and people in an era of deepening globalization. Migration is intertwined with geopolitics, trade, and cultural exchange, and provides opportunities for States, businesses, and communities to benefit enormously. Migration has helped improve people’s lives in both origin and destination countries and has offered opportunities for millions of people worldwide to forge safe and meaningful lives abroad.

Not all migration occurs in positive circumstances, however.  In recent years, the world has seen an increase in migration as a result of displacement occurring due to conflicts, persecutions, environmental degradation and climate change, and a lack of human security and opportunity. 

While most international migration occurs through legal channels, some of the greatest insecurities for migrants and much of the public concern about migration, is associated with irregular migration.

IOM's Global Migration Data Analysis Centre

The Global Migration Indicators 2018 report is a snapshot of what we know about migration today. The data is organized along 17 key migration themes and based largely on data taken from Global Mi­gration Data Portal – IOM’s one-stop-shop for international migration data.

The report aims to provide a baseline for objectives in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and migration-related targets included in the Sustainable Development Goals.