History of IOM Indonesia

1979 

START OF OPERATIONS

IOM operations in Indonesia begin with the processing of Vietnamese boat people in Tanjung Pinang, Riau. 

 

1991

OBSERVER STATUS

Indonesia becomes an IOM Observer State.

 

1999

AGREEMENT WITH INDONESIA.

A Memorandum of Understanding is signed between the Government of Indonesia and IOM in October 1999 authorizing IOM to address issues related to the population displacement resulting from the conflict in East Timor. 

JAKARTA OFFICE

IOM establishes a liaison office in Jakarta. 

BALI, WEST TIMOR OFFICES

IOM also establishes offices in Denpasar, Bali, and Kupang and Atambua, West Timor, to facilitate the return home of East Timorese refugees. 

 

2000 

BROADER AGREEMENT WITH INDONESIA

IOM and the Government sign a Cooperation Agreement on the handling of Irregular Migrants, Internally Displaced Persons, Border Management and General Immigration. The agreement establishes the legal basis for IOM to operate in Indonesia. 

 

2001

MATARAM OFFICE

IOM moves its Bali office to Mataram, Lombok, to assist a growing caseload of stranded irregular migrants. 

 

2002

BALI PROCESS

IOM facilitates a regional Ministerial-level conference on people smuggling, trafficking in persons and related trans-national crime in Bali. The so-called Bali process aims to develop national and regional capacity to address human trafficking and smuggling issues. 

SITUBONDO, PONTIANAK OFFICES

IOM opens two new offices - one in Situbondo, East Java, to assist irregular migrants and one in Pontianak, West Kalimantan, to implement a land rehabilitation and capacity building project for internally displaced madurese migrants. 

 

2003

BANDA ACEH OFFICE

IOM Banda Aceh opens to asses the socio-economic impact of the conflict in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD), particularly in relation to displacement. 

HUMAN RIGHTS

IOM begins to work with the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights to improve protection for internally discplaced people through capacity-building. IOM also supports the establishment of a fully functional border between East and West TImor. 

 

2004

ELECTION SUPPORT

IOM provides administrative and logistical support to the European Union's Election Observation Mission during the 2004 General and Presidential elections. 

COUNTER TRAFFICKING

As a follow-up to the Bali Process, IOM launches a pilot programme to support law enforcement efforts to combat human trafficking. A broader counter-trafficking programme is subsequently launched in close collaboration with the government. 

POLICE PROJECT

IOM launches a Police Reform project to assist efforts by the Indonesian National POlice (INP) to become a law enforcement agency based on democratic principles, respect for human rights the rule of law. The project provides training in human rights and community policing. 

TSUNAMI EMERGENCY RELIEF

IOM's operations in Indonesia expand significantly after the tsunami of 26 December 2004. IOM is the only international organization operatin in 15 conflict-affected NAD districts at the time of the disaster. Its global experience in disaster assistance and its relationships with the government and other agencies enables it to respond immediately to the humanitarian crisis. 

MEDAN OFFICE

IOM medan opens as a logistical hub for tsunami relief operations. IOM trucks deliver thousands of tonnes of aid from Medan to tsunami survivors in NAD. 

 

2005

DISASTER RECOVERY

IOM opens offices in Meulaboh, Simeulue and Pide in NAD, Nias Island and Sibolga in North SUmatra to manage the expanding activities of its Indonesia Disaster Recovery Program

ONE-STOP RECOVERY CENTER

A recovery center for the emergency medical and psychological care of trafficking victims opens in Jakarta. 

IRREGULAR MIGRANTS

By June, the number of stranded irregular migrants assisted by the programme reaches nearly 4,000 in 16 different locations throughout Indonesia. 

 

2006

EMERGENCY RAPID RESPONSE

IOM immediately responds to the Yogyakarta earthquake in the fields of transport, logistics, medical aid and emergency shelter, drawing on its experience and partnerships developed in NAD following the tsunami. 

POLICE PROJECT

Training in Human Rights and Community POlicing is officially expanded to include thousands of officers in NAD. 

 

2007

CONSTRUCTION

By year end, IOM completes a total of 1,233 transitional shelters, 3,040 permanent houses, 247 schools and 132 community buildings as part of the post-tsunami reconstruction effort in NAD. 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

IOM responds to the Padang earthquake in West Sumatra with logistics, shelter and medical support. Together with four partner organizations it constructs 669 transitional shelters in four affected districts. 

HEALTH

Mobile medical clinics are created to support physical and mental health outreach services to conflict-affected communities in NAD. The project integrates health services into a broader IOM's peace building programme that includes the reintegration of former combatants and prisoners. 

PEACE BUILDING

IOM is designated by the Indonesian government as the lead international organization for the design and implementation of post-conflict programming to support the stabilization of Aceh. 

 

2008

LIVELIHOODS

IOM support the establishment of women's cooperatives in NAD. By year end over 8,000 loans with a total value of over US$ 1,4600,000 have been made to poor women in remote areas of Aceh to create small businesses and generate income. In yogyakarta and Central Java, IOM launches a project financed by the Java Reconstruction Fund to help revive 3,000 earthquake-affected small businesses. 

FACILITATING MIGRATION

IOM Indonesia launches a project to collect data, encourage policy dialogue and disseminate best practices to enhance flows of remittances sent home by Indonesian migrants abroad. 

POLICE PROJECT

By year end, 25 percent of the INP have received training in Human Rights and Community Policing using IOM training modules. 

 

2009

COUNTER TRAFFICKING GUIDELINES

IOM updates the Guidelines for Law Enforcement and the Protection of Victims of Trafficking in Handling Trafficking in Persons Cases to include the 2007 Anti-Trafficking Law no. 21. The IOM Guidelines have been distributed to over 28,000 members of the law enforcement community since 2005. It also publishes training curricula for the INP, public prosecutors and judges handling human trafficking cases. By September, the number of victims of human trafficking directly helped by IOM in Indoensia totaled 3,540. 

COUNTER PEOPLE SMUGGLING MANUAL

In collaboration with the INP, Imigrasi and a multi-disciplinary research team from the University of Indonesia, IOM develops and publishes the first Indonesian manual for law enforcement officers dealing with cases of people smuggling. 

 

2010

POST-DISASTER ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

IOM supports the recovery and development of economy through enhanced access to finance and targeted technical assistance for coffee farmers, cooperatives and businesses in Bener Meriah and Aceh Tengah districts.  The project improved coffee quality and increased yields for 1,767 farmers and their cooperatives, as well as creating 193 additional jobs through matching grant. 

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN WEST JAVA

As a follow up of the earthquake emergency response in Garut, IOM implemented a multi-sectoral Disaster Risk Reduction project, improving emergency response and DRR capacity in 6 most prone villages.  

LABOUR MIGRATION

The research report entitled “Labour Migration from Indonesia - An Overview of Indonesian Migration to Selected Destination in Asia and the Middle East” was launched on 27 October 2010. The report that also available in Indonesian and Arabic, explores labour migration challenges and opportunities, aiming to provide the GoI with relevant input for future planning and development of effective labour migration arrangements. 

Publication "Deriving Benefit From International Migration: Best Practices for the ASEAN Region" is produced by IOM under subcontract with Nathan Associates Incorporated for review by ASEAN and USAID. This internal publication reposits information on migrant worker management policies and identify good practices in ASEAN countries. 

MERAPI AND MENTAWAI EMERGENCY RESPONSE 

Following the October 2010 Mentawai earthquake, IOM deployed Emergency Response team to provide logistical and transportation solutions.  By the end of the project IOM has transported and delivered over 2,062 metric tons of aid items and food for over 70 organizations. Through different funding, IOM also provided medical evacuation and assistance support for over than 1,600 IDPs.  

IOM Emergency team was deployed to Sleman, Magelang, Klaten and Boyolali district affected by Merapi erupsion. Clean water, sanitation and hygiene promotion,  shelter and NFIs support delivered for over 16,000 IDPs.  45,868 IDPs and 144 member organizations of the DRR Forum also benefited from DRR activities conducted along other series of trainings. 

IMIGRASI IT CONSULTANCY AND SUPPORT

IOM continued its support for Indonesian Immigration Directorate through IT consultancy and capacity building project, enhancing the Irregular Migrant Database (IMDB) to effectively function.  

 

2011

HEALTH

A health project targeting IDP communities was implemented in Mentawai, aiming to reduce morbidity and mortality by early detection of communicable diseases events of epidemic or life threatening potential. By the end of the project, over 8,000 IDPs benefited from various health campaigns and capacity building activity also provided for health professionals and volunteers. 

 

2012

MANUAL TO ASSIST PEOPLE SMUGGLING INVESTIGATION

In collaboration with a number of researchers, IOM Indonesia worked on the update of 2009 People Smuggling Manual and Field Guide to reflect significant updates due to new immigration statutes in 2011. The report was then distributed to law enforcers in people smuggling hot spots around Indonesia in 2013.

MERAPI LIVELIHOOD RECOVERY

IOM, FAO, led by UNDP implemented a joint post eruption recovery project funded through IMDFF-DR instrument in Central Java and Yogyakarta. IOM was responsible for DRR component of the project among other livelihood activities.